Statistics

LOCAL STATISTICS 

During 2014, SAFE:
  • Provided 1,337 nights of safe shelter and 3,509 meals to 156 shelter clients (81 adults and 75 children).
  • Responded to 239 domestic violence and sexual assault crisis calls.
  • Responded to 32 hospital crisis situations.
  • Provided 1,995 hours of peer counseling.
  • Provided therapy sessions to 46 abused children.
  • Coordinated 56 child abuse cases.
  • Served 570 daytime clients (411 adults and 159 children).
  • Provided 1,276 incidences of victim advocacy.
Trends:
  • The number of shelter clients increased 38% from 2010. 
  • The number of children sheltered went up 29% from 2010.
  • Incidences of advocacy increased 44% from 2010.
  • Crisis line calls went down 19% from 2010.
Over a three year period in Wilkes County ending in 2010:
  • Law enforcement agencies investigated 356 sex crimes involving minors.
  • Child protective services investigated 172 reports of child sexual abuse.
  • The District Attorney's office prosecuted 96 felony offenders for sex crimes against children, not including misdemeanor warrants or petitions filed by juvenile services for child-on-child abuse.

NATIONAL INTIMATE PARTNER AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE SURVEY 

The Center for Disease Control's National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) is an ongoing, nationally-representative telephone survey that collects detailed information on sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence victimization of adult women and men in the United States. The survey collects data on past-year experiences of violence as well as lifetime experiences of violence. CDC developed NISVS to better describe and monitor the magnitude of these forms of violence in the United States. 
Here are key findings from the 2010 survey:
  • 1.3 million women were raped in the year preceding the survey.
  • Nearly one in five women have been raped during their lifetime.
  • One in 71 men have been raped in their lifetime.
  • One in six women have been stalked during their lifetime.
  • One in 19 men have been stalked in their lifetime.
  • One in four women have been the victim of severe physical violence by an intimate partner.
  • One in seven men have experienced severe physical violence by an intimate partner.
  • 81% of women who experienced rape, stalking or physical violence by a dating partner reported significant short or long term impacts related to the violence. 35% of men reported such impacts.
  • Men and women who experienced these forms of violence were more likely to report frequent headaches, chronic pain, difficulty with sleeping, activity limitations, poor physical health and poor mental health than men and women who did not experience these forms of violence.
  • Approximately 80% of female victims experienced their first rape before age 25. Almost half experienced the first rape before age 18 (30% between 11-17 years old and 12% at or before age 10.)
  • About 35% of women who were raped as minors were also raped as adults, compared to 14% of women without an early rape history.
  • 28% of male victims of rape were first raped at age 10 or younger.
 CDC Summary of Survey Findings

"Overall, lifetime and one year estimates for sexual violence, stalking and intimate partner violence were alarmingly high for adult Americans; with intimate partner violence alone affecting more than 12 million people each year. Women are disproportionately impacted. They experienced high rates of severe intimate partner violence, rape and stalking, and long-term chronic disease and other health impacts such as PTSD symptoms. NISVS also shows that most rape and IPV is first experienced before age 24, highlighting the importance of preventing this violence before it occurs to ensure that all people can live life to their fullest potential."

 

Sexual assault statistics provided by RAINN, the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network

NATIONAL SEXUAL ASSAULT STATISTICS

  • An average 233,986 Americans age 12 and older are sexually assaulted each year.1*
  • Every 2 minutes, someone in the U.S. is sexually assaulted.1
  • Learn more about where these statistics come from.

WHO ARE THE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT?

Gender 

  • 1 out of every 6 American women has been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in her lifetime. 2 Among all victims, about nine out of ten are female.
  • 1 out of every 33 American men has been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in his lifetime. 2 About 10% of all victims are male.
Age
  • Age of sexual assault victims: 6
    • 15% are under age 12.
    • 29% are age 12-17
    • 44% are under age 18
    • 80% are under age 30
    • Ages 12-34 are the highest risk years 3
    • Girls ages 16-19 are four times more likely than the general population to be victims of sexual assault. 3
Race
  • Estimated persons raped in lifetime by gender and race: 2
    • Women
      • 17.7% of white women
      • 18.8% of African-American women
      • 6.8% of Asian / Pacific Islander women
      • 34.1% of American Indian / Alaskan Native women
      • 24.4% mixed race women
      • 14.6% of Hispanic women
    • Men
      • 2.8% of white men
      • 3.3% of African-American men
      • 4.4% of mixed race men
      • The sample size was too small to estimate for Asian/ Pacific Islander and American Indian / Alaskan Native men

EFFECTS OF RAPE 

Physical Injuries
100% of completed rapes, 39% of attempted rapes, and 17% sexual assaults against females result in injured victims.5
  • 33% of victims sustain minor (bruises and chipped teeth) physical injuries
  • 5% of victims sustain major (broken bones and gunshot wounds) injuries
  • 61% of victims sustain undetermined injuries

Only around 36% of injured victims receive medical care.2

  • 82% of those cared for use hospital services
  • 55% use physician services
  • 17% use dental services
  • 19% use ambulatory / paramedic services
  • 17% use physical therapy services
Mental Health
Victims of sexual assault are: 3
  • 3 times more likely to suffer from depression.
  • 6 times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.
  • 13 times more likely to abuse alcohol.
  • 26 times more likely to abuse drugs.
  • 4 times more likely to contemplate suicide.
Economic
About 1 in 11 sexual assault victims reported that they suffered some economic loss as a consequence of the crime.6
  • The average economic loss (in 1997) was about $200
  • Nearly 7% of victims reported losing time from work. 

OCCURENCE OF SEXUAL ASSAULTS 

    • The number of rapes reported is spread fairly evenly throughout the year, with a slight increase in August (around 9%) and the fewest in December (around 7%).6
    • Time of day sexual assaults occur: 6
      • 43% between 6:00pm and midnight.
      • 33% between 6:00am and 6:00pm
      • 24% between midnight and 6:00am
    • Nearly 6 out of 10 sexual assault incidents were reported by victims to have occurred in their own home or at the home of a friend, relative, or neighbor.6

REPORTING OF SEXUAL ASSAULTS TO POLICE

    • There were 90,427 forcible rapes reported to police in 2007. 9
    • Sexual assault is one of the most underreported crimes, with an average of 39% being reported to the police each year. 1*
    • When victims of rape, attempted rape, and sexual assault did not report the crime to the police, the most often cited reasons were:5
      • Rape:
        • personal matter (23.3%)
        • fear of reprisal (16.3%)
        • police biased (5.8%)
      • Attempted rape:
        • personal matter (16.8%);
        • fear of reprisal (11.3%);
        • protect offender (9.9%)
      • Completed and attempted sexual assault:
        • personal matter (25.3%);
        • reported to different official (12.4%);
        • fear of reprisal (11.3%)
    • The closer the relationship between the female victim and the offender, the greater the likelihood that the incident will not be reported. 5
      • When the offender was a current or former husband or boyfriend, about 75% of all victimizations were not reported to police.
      • When the offender was a friend or acquaintance, an average 71% were not reported.
      • When the offender was a stranger, an average 44% were not reported.

SEXUAL OFFENDERS

    • Almost 2/3 of sexual assaults are committed by someone known to the victim.1

      • 23% of rapists are an intimate partner
      • 3% are another relative
      • 38% are a friend or acquaintance
      • 31% are a stranger
      • 6% are unknown
    • Only about 6% of rapists ever serve a day in jail. 1
    • The average age of an arrested rapist is 31 years old.6
      • 0.6% are 17 years old or younger
      • 54.6% are 18 to 29 years old
      • 28.6% are 30 to 39 years old
      • 8.9% are 40 to 49 years old
      • 7.3% are 50 years old or older
    • Marital status of arrested rapists.6
      • 22.1% are married
      • 1.2% are widowed
      • 28.5% are divorced
      • 6.2% are separated
      • 42% are never married
    • An average 8% of sexual assaults each year involve the use of a weapon.1
      • 2% use a firearm
      • 4% use a knife
      • 2% use another form of weapon
      • 6% are unsure
      • 87% of victims reported the use of physical force only
    • Convicted rapists made up 1.2% of the 272,111 state prisoners released in 1994, and 46% of these released rapists were rearrested within three years for some type of felony or serious misdemeanor.7
      • 2.5% were rearrested for another rape.
    • In 1999, women accounted for 1 in 50 offenders committing a violent sex offense including rape and sexual assault.8
      • Nearly 6 in 10 of these women serving time in state prisons have experienced physical or sexual abuse in the past.
    • Offenders in sexual assault murders are about 6 years younger on average than other murderers.6
      • Youth under 18 have accounted for about 10% of the sexual assault murders since 1976. 
  1. U.S Department of Justice: Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2007 National Crime Victimization Study. 2007.
  2. U.S. Department of Justice: National Institute of Justice. Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women. 2000.
  3. U.S. Department of Justice. http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/
  4. U.S. Department of Justice: National Institute of Justice. Youth Victimization: Prevalence and Implications. 2003.
  5. U.S. Department of Justice: Bureau of Justice Statistics. Rape and Sexual Assault: Reporting to Police and Medical Attention, 1992-2000. 2002.
  6. U.S. Department of Justice: Bureau of Justice Statistics. Sex Offenses and Offenders. 1997.
  7. U.S. Department of Justice: Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2002 Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 1994. 2002.
  8. U.S. Department of Justice: Bureau of Justice Statistics. Women Offenders. 1999.
  9. U.S. Department of Justice: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Uniform Crime Report. 2007. Note that the definition of forcible rape used in this report is quite narrow. It excludes many types of sexual assault, all attacks on male victims, and statutory rapes of children too young to consent.
* Average of years 2003-2007

Domestic violence statistics provided by the Allstate Foundation

NATIONAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE STATISTICS

Because abuse often happens behind closed doors, many people do not know how prevalent domestic violence is.

  • 1 in 4 women report experiencing domestic violence in their lifetimes.1
  • 2 million injuries and 1,300 deaths are caused each year as a result of domestic violence.2
  • All cultural, religious, socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds are affected by domestic violence.3
  • Nearly 2.2 million people called local and national domestic violence hotlines in 2004.4
  • More than 1.35 million people accessed domestic violence victim services in 2005.5
  • The 2009 Allstate Foundation National Poll revealed
    • Over 75% of Americans believe the recent economic downturn further strained domestic violence victims and survivors.
    • 67% of Americans believe the poor economy has caused an increase in domestic violence.6

SOCIAL IMPACTS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

Domestic violence can be devastating to families, but its effect on entire communities runs even deeper.
    • Over $5.8 billion each year is spent on health-related costs of domestic violence.7
    • Nearly 8 million days of paid work each year is lost due to domestic violence issues-the equivalent of more than 32,000 full-time jobs.8
    • 96% of domestic violence victims who are employed experience problems at work due to abuse.9
    • 33% of all police time is spent responding to domestic disturbance calls.10
    • 57% of cities cite domestic violence against women and children as the top cause of homelessness.11

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND GENDER 

Domestic violence impacts people of all genders, races, incomes and ages. The vast majority of victims of domestic violence are women.

  • Survivors of intimate partner violence are overwhelmingly female.
    • 84% of spouse abuse victims are women.
    • 86% of victims of abuse by a boyfriend or girlfriend are women.12
    • Intimate partner violence against men is overwhelming committed by male perpetrators.13
  • Nearly 5.3 million domestic violence incidents occur each year among women in the U.S. ages 18 and older.14

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND ECONOMIC ABUSE

Economic abuse, using finances as a tool of power and control, often goes hand in hand with physical abuse.

  • 74% of Americans personally know someone who is or has been abused.15 However, 75% Americans also fail to connect domestic violence with economic abuse.16
  • Approximately 6 out of 10 Americans strongly agree that the lack of money and a steady income is often a challenge faced by a survivor of domestic violence when leaving her/his abuser.17  
    1. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institute of Justice; U.S. Department of Justice - Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence; July 2000
    2. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; Costs of intimate partner violence against women in the United States; April 2003
    3. National Domestic Violence Hotline; Fact sheet on Domestic Violence and Special Populations; www.ndvh.org/dvInfo.html#spec
    4. National Network to End Domestic Violence; Communities Across the Nation, Lack of Funding for Services for Abused Women and Children; 2004
    5. National Network to End Domestic Violence; Communities Across the Nation; 2004
    6. The Allstate Foundation "Crisis: Economics and Domestic Violence" poll, May 2009
    7. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; Costs; April 2003
    8. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; Costs; April 2003
    9. American Institute on Domestic Violence; 2001
    10. National Center on Women & Family Law; Battered Women: The Facts; 1996
    11. The United States Conference of Mayors; A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America's Cities; December 1999
    12. Matthew R.Durose et al., U.S. Dep't. of Justice, Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances 1, June 2005
    13. Stephan S.Owen & Tod W. Burke, An Exploration of the Prevalence of Domestic Violence in Same-Sex Relationships, 95 Psychological Reports, Aug. 2004
    14. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institute of Justice; U.S. Department of Justice - Extent; July 2000
    15. Murphy Marketing Research, The Allstate Foundation National Poll on Domestic Violence, June 2006
    16. The Allstate Foundation "Crisis: Economics and Domestic Violence" poll, May 2009
    17. Murphy Marketing Research, The Allstate Foundation National Poll on Domestic Violence, June 2006
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